List of Hats and Caps Styles – Kind of hats and Caps

This is a list of various kinds of hat, contemporary or traditional. Headgear has been common throughout the history of humanity, present on some of the very earliest preserved human bodies and art.

Ascot capA hard style of hat, usually worn by men, dating back to the 1900s. Sometimes associated with livestock slaughter.
AkubraAn Australian brand of bush hat, whose wide-brimmed styles are a distinctive part of Australian culture, especially in rural areas.
AyamA traditional Korean winter cap was mostly worn by women in the Joseon and Daehan Jeguk periods (1392–1910).
BalaclavaHeadgear, usually made from fabric such as cotton and/or polyester, covers the whole head, exposing only the face or part of it. Sometimes only the eyes or eyes and mouth are visible. Also known as a ski mask.
Balmoral bonnetTraditional Scottish bonnet or cap worn with Scottish Highland dress.
BarretinaA floppy fabric pull-on hat, usually worn with its top flopped down. In red, it is now used as a symbol of Catalan identity.
Baseball capA type of soft, light cotton cap with a rounded crown and a stiff, frontward-projecting bill.
BeanieA brimless cap, with or without a small visor, was once popular among schoolboys. Sometimes includes a propeller.
Note: In New Zealand, Australia, the United Kingdom, and parts of the United States, “beanie” also or otherwise refers to the knit cap or tuque used during winter to provide warmth.
BearskinA tall fur cap, is usually worn as part of a ceremonial military uniform. Traditionally, the headgear of grenadiers, and remains in use by grenadier and guards regiments in various armies. Sometimes mistakenly identified as a busby.
BeretA soft round cap, usually of woolen felt, with a bulging flat crown and tight-fitting brimless headband. Worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with FranceBasque people, and the military. Often part of [European?] schoolgirls’ uniform during the 1920s, ’30s and ’40s.
Bhaad-gaaule topiA typical Nepali cap.
BicorneA broad-brimmed felt hat with the brim folded up and pinned front and back to create a long-horned shape. Also known as a cocked hat. Worn by European military officers in the 1790s and, as illustrated, commonly associated with Napoleon.
BirettaA square cap with three or twelve ridges or peaks worn by Roman Catholic (and some Anglican and Lutheranclergy.
BlangkonA traditional Javanese man’s hat.
BoaterA flat-brimmed and flat-topped straw hat formerly worn by seamen. Schools, especially public schools in the UK, might include a boater as part of their (summer) uniform. Now mostly worn at summer regattas or formal garden parties, often with a ribbon in club, college, or school colors.
Boonie hatA soft, wide-brimmed cotton hat commonly used by military forces. Also known as a bush hat and similar to a bucket hat.
BörkA high cap was worn by Janissaries as a symbol of their devotion to their order during the Ottoman Empire.
Boss of the PlainsA lightweight all-weather hat, with a high rounded crown and wide flat brim, designed by John B. Stetson for the demands of the American frontier.
Boudoir capA type of decorative cap mainly worn in the 19th and early 20th century with sleepwear or lingerie.
Bowler / DerbyA hard felt hat with a rounded crown created in 1850 by Lock’s of St James’s, the hatters to Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, for his servants. More commonly known as a Derby in the United States.
BretonA woman’s hat with a round crown and deep brim turned upwards round. Said to be based on hats worn by Breton agricultural workers.
Bucket hatA soft cotton hat with a wide, downwards-sloping brim.
BudenovkaA soft, woolen hat covering the ears and neck, worn by the Communist military of the Russian Civil War and afterward.
BusbyA small fur military hat.
BycocketRobin Hood‘s hat”, a wide-brimmed hat that is turned up in the back and pointed in the front like a bird’s beak.
Campaign hatAlso known as a “Smokey Bear” hat. A broad-brimmed felt or straw hat with a high crown pinched symmetrically at its four corners (the “Montana crease”).
Capiroteconical pointed hat with eye holes. Historically associated with the Ku Klux Klan in the United States of America, but still used elsewhere in other contexts (such as the example illustrated, featuring people from Nazareno processing during Holy Week in Spain).
CapotainA hat worn between the 1590s and 1640s in England and northwestern Europe. Also known as a “Pilgrim hat” in the United States.
Cappello romanoA round wide-brimmed hat worn by more traditional Roman Catholic clergy.
Cartwheel hatWide-brimmed and shallow-crowned hat, normally worn at an angle. Popular from 1910s but most closely associated with 1940s-50s fashion.
CasquetteA small-peaked cap often worn by cyclists.
CaubeenAn Irish beret.[1]
ChengziguanA traditional horse hair hat dating back to 10th century China, which later became popular among the yangban of Joseon Dynasty Korea as an alternative to the gat.
Chilote capA woven cap, typical of Chiloé Archipelago, that is made of coarse raw wool and usually topped by a pom-pom.
ChulloPeruvian or Bolivian hat with ear-flaps made from vicuña woolalpacallama or sheep’s wool.[2]
ChupallaA straw hat made in Chile.
Cloche hatbell-shaped woman’s hat that was popular during the Roaring Twenties.
Coal scuttle bonnetA woman’s bonnet with a stiffened brim and a flat back (crown).
Conical Asian hatconical straw hat associated with East and Southeast Asia. Sometimes known as a “coolie hat”, although the term “coolie” may be interpreted as derogatory.
Coonskin capA hat, fashioned from the skin and fur of a raccoon, that became associated with Canadian and American frontiersmen of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Sombrero CordobésA traditional flat-brimmed and flat-topped hat originating from Córdoba, Spain, associated with flamenco dancing and music and popularized by characters such as Zorro.
Cricket capA type of soft cap traditionally worn by cricket players.
Custodian helmethelmet traditionally worn by British police constables while on foot patrol.
DeerstalkerA warm, close-fitting tweed cap, with brims front and behind and ear-flaps that can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin. Originally designed for use while hunting in the climate of Scotland. Occasionally worn by – and so closely associated with – the character Sherlock Holmes, rarely in the original stories or their illustrations, but often in films.
Dhaka topiA typical Nepali cap made up of fabric called dhaka
Dixie cup hatAlso known as “gob hat” or “gob cap.” A sailor cap worn in several navies, of white canvas with an upright brim.
Draped turbanA fashion dating back to at least the 18th century, in which fabric is draped or moulded to the head, concealing most or all of the hair. Original designs were said to be inspired by the turbans of India and the Ottoman Empire
Dunce capconical hat, usually tall and narrow, worn by late-19th and early-20th century school pupils as a punishment and/or humiliation. It often featured a large capital “D” inscribed on its side, to be shown frontwards when the hat was worn.
FascinatorA small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.
FedoraA soft felt hat with a medium brim and lengthwise crease in the crown.
FezRed felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone, common to Arab-speaking countries.
Flat capA soft, round wool or tweed men’s cap with a small bill in front.
Gandhi capTypical cotton white cap named after Mahatma Gandhi ‘father of nation’ of India. Mostly worn by Indian politicians and people.
GatA traditional Korean hat worn by men.
GatsbyA soft brimmed hat popular in New York after the turn of the century made from eight quarter panels. Also known as a newsboy cap.
Garrison or Forage cap or side hatA foldable cloth cap with straight sides and a creased or hollow crown.
Gaung PaungHeadwrap worn by the BamarMon peopleRakhine and Shan peoples.
GlengarryA traditional Scottish boat-shaped hat without a peak made of thick-milled woollen material with a toorie on top, a rosette cockade on the left, and (usually) ribbons hanging down behind. It is normally worn as part of Scottish military or civilian Highland dress.
Green eyeshadeOnce common-wear for office clerks.
Half hatMillinery design that covers only half the head – particularly popular in the 1950s.
Halo hatSemi-circular or circular design that frames the face, creating a ‘halo’ or ‘aureole’ effect.
Hard hatA rounded rigid helmet with a small brim predominantly used in workplace environments, such as construction sites, to protect the head from injury by falling objects, debris and bad weather.
Hardee hatAlso known as the 1858 Dress Hat. Regulation hat for Union soldiers during the American Civil War.
HenninA woman’s hat of the Middle Ages.[6] This style includes the conical “princess” hats often seen in illustrations of folk-tale princesses.
Homburgsemi-formal hat with a medium brim and crown with a crease and no dents.
Icelandic tail-capPart of the national costume of Iceland.
JaapiA traditional hat of Assam, India. Plain and decorative japies are available.
KalpakA traditional hat of BulgariaTurkeyUkraine and Central Asia. Made primarily of lamb fur, it comes in a variety of regional styles.
Karakul (Qaraqul)A hat made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep, typically worn by men in Central and South Asia and popular among Soviet leaders.
Keffiyah or GhutrahThree piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities.[citation needed].
KepiA generic worldwide military hat with a flat, circular top and visor. First seen in central Europe.
Kippah or YarmulkeA close-fitting skullcap worn by religious Jews.
KolpikBrown fur hat worn by Hassidic Jews.
KupiahTraditional cap from Aceh.
KofiaBrimless cylindrical cap with a flat crown, worn by men in East Africa.
KufiA brimless, short, rounded cap worn by Africans and people throughout the African diaspora.
Kolah namadiA felt hat, typically worn by men in the rural areas of Iran.
Kova tembelCloth hat worn by Israeli pioneers and kibbutzniks.
LabbadehA conical brimless felt cap, traditionally worn by Lebanese men in rural areas.
Makapili HatBamboo basket worn over the head covering the entire head with just holes for the eyes and worn by some members of the Makapili, Filipinos who were Japanese collaborators during World War II in the Philippines.
MathalDistinctive hat worn by farmers in the Bangladesh and Eastern India made of bamboo with a conical top.
MitreDistinctive hat worn by bishops in the Roman Catholic ChurchEastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion.
MonteraA crocheted hat worn by bullfighters.
MortarboardFlat, square hat. Usually has a button centered on top. A tassel is attached to the button and draped over one side. Worn as part of academic dress. Traditionally, when worn during graduation ceremonies, the new graduates switch the tassel from one side to the other at the conclusion of the ceremony.
Mushroom hatHat with a distinctly downward-facing brim similar to the shape of a mushroom or toadstool. Popular from the 1870s, but particularly associated with the Edwardian era and Dior‘s “New Look.”
Newsboy capCasual-wear cap similar in style to the flat cap. Like a flat cap, it has a similar overall shape and stiff peak (visor) in front, but the body of the cap is rounder, fuller, made of eight pieces, and panelled with a button on top and often with a button attaching the front to the brim.
PakulRound, rolled wool hat with a flat top, common in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
PanamaStraw hat made in Ecuador.
PapakhiAlso known as astrakhan hat in English, a male wool hat worn throughout the Caucasus.
Party hatA conical hat, similar to the dunce cap, often worn at birthday parties and New Year’s Eve celebrations. It is frequently emblazoned with bright patterns or messages.
Patrol capAlso known as a field cap, a scout cap, or in the United States a mosh cap.; a soft cap with a stiff, rounded visor, and flat top, worn by military personnel in the field when a combat helmet is not required.
Peach basket hatA woman’s hat resembling an upturned fruit basket. Usually lavishly trimmed, it achieved notoriety in the early 1900s.
Peaked capA military style cap with a flat sloping crown, band and peak (also called a visor). It is used by many militaries of the world as well as law enforcement, as well as some people in service professions who wear uniforms.
Phrygian capA soft conical cap pulled forward. In sculpture, paintings and caricatures it represents freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The popular cartoon characters The Smurfs wear white Phrygian caps.
Picture hatAlso known as a Gainsborough hat and garden hat, this is an elaborate women’s design with a wide brim.
Pilgrim’s hatA pilgrim’s hat, cockel hat or traveller’s hat is a wide brim hat used to keep off the sun. It is highly associated with pilgrims on the Way of St. James. The upturned brim of the hat is adorned with a scallop shell to denote the traveller’s pilgrim status.
Pillbox hatA small hat with straight, upright sides, a flat crown, and no brim.
Pith helmetA lightweight rigid cloth-covered helmet made of cork or pith, with brims front and back. Worn by Europeans in tropical colonies in the 19th century. The pith helmet is an adaptation of the native salakot headgear of the Philippines.
Planter’s hatA lightweight straw hat, with a wide brim, a round crown and narrow round dent on the outside of the top of the crown. Worn by Clark Gable in Gone with the Wind, and Paul Bettany in Master and Commander.
Poke bonnetA woman’s bonnet with a small crown and wide and rounded front brim.
PorkpieFelt hat with low flat crown and narrow brim.
Printer’s hatTraditional, box-shaped, folded paper hat, formerly worn by tradesmen such as carpenters, masons, painters and printers.
QelesheA white brimless felt cap traditionally worn by Albanians. Also known as a plis or qylaf.
RastacapA tall, round, usually crocheted and brightly colored, cap worn by Rastafarians and others with dreadlocks to tuck their locks away.
RogatywkaA characteristic field cap worn by partisans in World War II guerrilla fights as well by the officers of Polish armies.
Sami hatAlso known as a “Four Winds” hat, traditional men’s hat of the Sami people.
Sailor capA round, flat visorless hat worn by sailors in many of the world’s navies
Sailor hatA flat-crowned, brimmed straw hat inspired by nineteenth century sailors’ headgear.
ŠajkačaSerbian national and traditional hat worn by men.
SalakotA traditional hat in the Philippines.
Santa HatA floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.
ShakoA tall cylindrical military cap, usually with a visor, badge, and plume.
Shovel hatA hat with low, round crown and a wide brim, which projected in a shovel-like curve at the front and rear and was often worn turned up at the sides. Formerly associated with the Anglican clergy.
ShtreimelA fur hat worn by married Hassidic men on Shabbat and holidays.
SlouchGeneric term covering wide-brimmed felt-crowned hats often worn by military leaders. Less fancy versions can be called bush hats.
Smoking capA soft cap, shaped like a squat cylinder or close fitting like a knit cap, and usually heavily embroidered with a tassel on top worn by men while smoking to stop their hair from smelling of tobacco smoke.[7]
SombreroA Mexican hat with a conical crown and a very wide, saucer-shaped brim, highly embroidered made of plush felt.
SongkokA cap widely worn in Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, the southern Philippines and southern Thailand, mostly among Muslim males. May be related to the taqiyah.
Sou’westerA traditional form of collapsible oilskin rain hat that is longer in the back than the front to protect the neck fully. A gutter front brim is sometimes featured.
StetsonAlso known as a “Cowboy Hat”. A high-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, with a sweatband on the inside, and a decorative hat band on the outside. Customized by creasing the crown and rolling the brim.[8]
Student capA cap worn by university students in various European countries.
Sun hatA hat which shades the face and shoulders from the sun.
Tam o’ ShanterA Scottish wool hat originally worn by men.
TaqiyahA round fabric cap worn by Muslim men.
TengkolokA traditional Malay, Indonesian and Bruneian male headwear. It is made from long songket cloth folded and tied in particular style (solek).
Top hatAlso known as a beaver hat, a magician’s hat, or, in the case of the tallest examples, a stovepipe (or pipestove) hat. A tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical hat worn by men in the 19th and early 20th centuries, now worn only with morning dress or evening dress. Cartoon characters Uncle Sam and Mr. Monopoly are often depicted wearing such hats. Once made from felted beaver fur.
Toque(informally, “chef’s hat”) A tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat traditionally worn by chefs.
TuqueIn Canada, a knitted hat, worn in winter, usually made from wool or acrylic. Also known as a woolly hat, ski cap, knit hat, knit cap, sock cap, stocking cap, or watch cap. Sometimes called a toboggan or goobalini in parts of the USA. In New Zealand, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, the term “Stocking Cap” (and more recently, the misnomer “beanie”[citation needed]) is applied to this cap.
TrilbyA soft felt men’s hat with a deeply indented crown and a narrow brim often upturned at the back.
TricorneA soft hat with a low crown and broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape. Worn by Europeans in the 18th century. Larger, taller, and heavily ornamented brims were present in France and the Papal States.
Trucker hatSimilar to a baseball cap, usually with a foam brim and front section and a breathable mesh back section.
TubeteikaA round, slightly pointed cap with embroidered or applique patterns worn throughout Central Asia.
Tudor bonnetA soft round black academic cap with a stiff brim that has a cord with tasseled ends knotted around the base of the crown, the ends draping over the brim.
TurbanA headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around either the head itself or an inner hat.
Tyrolean hatA felt hat with a corded band and feather ornament, originating from the Alps.
Umbrella hatA hat made from an umbrella that straps to the head. Has been made with mosquito netting.
UpeA Bougainvillean headdress made from tightly wound straw.
UshankaA Russian fur hat with fold-down ear-flaps.
VueltiaoA Colombian hat of woven and sewn black and khaki dried palm braids with indigenous figures.
Whoopee CapA skullcap made from a man’s felt fedora hat with the brim trimmed with a scalloped cut and turned up.
WideawakeA broad brimmed felt “countryman’s hat” with a low crown.
Wizard/witch hatPointed hatA conical hat with a wide brim and a crooked top, traditionally worn by fictional wizards or witches.
ZucchettoSkullcap worn by clerics typically in Roman Catholicism.

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