What is Scottish tam bonnet?

A hat for your own rugged Highlander to wear as a beret, scottish tam bonnet, or a hat. This Scottish Tam bonnet is equally fabulous for you Lasses as well. A classic hand knitted and felted Scottish Tam in a soft, but dense 100% wool yarn. A traditional historical cap. The term came to denote a hat, usually associated with Scottish hat military regiments, derived from the old bonnet, along with the and the Balmoral bonnets. The Balmoral was sometimes simply described as synonymous with the tam o’ shanter. … Women have also adopted a form of this hat, known as a “tammy” or “tam”.

A bonnet is an old-fashioned hat that ties under the chin. … A bonnet isn’t stiff like many hats are — instead, it’s made of soft fabric and has no brim. It was common during the 17th and 18th centuries for women to wear bonnets, to keep their hair tidy and protected from dust and sun when they were outdoors. The Balmoral (more fully the Balmoral bonnet in Scottish English, Glengarry Hat Brown, or Balmoral cap otherwise, and formerly called the Kilmarnock bonnet) is a traditional Scottish hat that can be worn as part of formal or informal Highland dress. … It is named after Balmoral Castle, a royal residence in Scotland.


The tam o’ shanter is a flat bonnet, originally made of wool hand-knitted in one piece, stretched on a wooden disc to give the distinctive flat shape, and subsequently felt. The earliest forms of these caps, known as a bluebonnet from their typical colour, were made by bonnet-makers in Scotland. By the year 1599 five bonnet-makers’ guilds had formed in cities around the country: Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Perth, Stirling, and Glasgow. At the end of the sixteenth century, it was said that the Scottish caps were the normal fashion of men and servants, and they remained so throughout the seventeenth century.

Similar in outline to the various types of flat bonnet common in northwestern Europe during the 16th century, the later tam o’ shanter is distinguished by the woolen ball or cookie decorating the center of the crown; the name itself did not enter common usage until the early 19th century, subsequent to the popularity of Burns’ poem. The term came to denote a hat, usually associated with Scottish military regiments, derived from the old bonnet, along with the Glengarry and the Balmorals bonnet. The Balmoral was sometimes simply described as synonymous with the tam o’ shanter.

Military use:

In the First World War, a khaki Balmoral bonnet was introduced in 1915 for wear in the trenches by Scottish infantry serving on the Western Front. This came to be known as the ‘bonnet, tam o’ shanter’, later abbreviated among military personnel to ‘ToS’. It replaced the Glengarry – which was the regulation bonnet worn by Scottish troops with khaki field dress at the start of the war. Originally knitted, the military tam o’ shanter subsequently came to be constructed from separate pieces of khaki serge cloth.

Some regiments of the Canadian Army wear different colored toories: the Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada have traditionally worn dark green; The North Nova Scotia Highlanders wore red toories during the Second World War; and the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders wore blue. Most regiments, however, wear a khaki toorie, matching the bonnet. In many Canadian regiments it is traditional for soldiers to wear a ToS, while officers (and in some cases senior non-commissioned officers) wear the balmorals instead.[citation needed] The tam o’shanter is generally in rough khaki wool, while the balmoral is in finer quality doe-skin of a pale tan or grey shade.

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