What is a Gat hat?

Gat hat is a type of Korean traditional hat worn by men along with hanbok (Korean traditional clothing) during the Joseon period. It is made from horsehair with a bamboo frame and is partly transparent in black color.

Most gat hat are cylindrical in shape with a wide brim on a bamboo frame. Only noble-class men during the late 19th century could wear gat, which represented their social status and protected their topknots.

Under Joseon, black gat was restricted to men who had passed the wager examination. Commoners wore a variant called paeraengi which was woven from split bamboo.

Artisans who make gat are called ganniljang  in Korean.

. If the word Scottish is attached it means, the traditional Scottish hats which are worn in the Scottish highlands to keep the tradition alive. It’s also a part of Scottish military or civilian Highland dress, either formal or informal.


The origins of gat date back to ancient times. Usually, the following hats are considered to be the first specimens of what is known as gat today: the so-called iphyeong Baek Hwa pimo from Geumnyeongchong an ancient Silla tomb located in Gyeongju, and the pan-shaped gat which is distinct from ordinary hats in pattern and shape and is depicted on the murals of the Gamsinchong(Korean: 감신총; Hanja: 龕神塚), an ancient Goguryeo tomb. Even in the modern era, the hat was worn commonly by elders and rural peoples until the late 20th century.

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