A Blangkon Hat or belangkon hat in Indonesia is traditional Javanese headgear wor by men and made of batik fabric. There are four types of blangkon Hat, distinguished by the shapes and regional Javanese origin: Ngayogyakarta, Surakarta, Kedu, and Banyumasan.
It is believe that blangkon may be as old as the Javanese script. And inspired by the legendary story of Aji Saka. In the story, Aji Saka defeated Dewata Cengkar. A giant who owned the land of Java, by spreading a giant piece of headdress that could cover the entire land of Java. And Aji Saka was also believe to be the founder of the Javanese calendar.
About Blangkon hat:
There is another theory so stating that the use of Blangkon hats is absorb by the Javanese and due to the influence mixture of local Hindu and the Islamic culture. The Muslim traders who enter Java were people from various places including Arabs and Gujarati region, but they and the blangkons believe to be adapted from the turbans, but this theory is irrelevant, because of the story that Aji Saka itself predates the arrival of Islam in Java.
In the very heart of the Republic of Indonesia, because there is still a real, formally independent monarchy. And The Sultan of Yogyakarta, is also a hereditary governor of the province. And once Sultan Hamengkobuvono opposed with the Dutch colonialists, and helped the revolutionary General Sukarno, and in gratitude. The Sultan was allow to continue to rule his fiefdom. To live in the palace, and even keep personal guards. In the Sultanate, they have unique national costumes. The blank on hat headdress made of neatly interwoven pieces of batik fabric, tightly fitting the head crosswise. At the back of the head, Fabric is formed into a knot, symbolizing the prestige of the blangkon’s owner. These are the hats wor by the local aristocrats and the security knights of the sultan’s palace today. Indonesia, Java, Jogyakarta, 20th century.